The National Energy Policy (2017) highlights the severe impacts on air pollution caused by fossil fuel combustion. In 2017, about 90% of commercial primary energy supply was met by fossil fuels, and an increasing share of this is imported.

Draft National Energy Policy - Niti Aayog, Government of India

The National Energy Policy (NEP) is a broad scale policy covering the whole national energy system in India. The policy focuses on two time horizons: near-term to 2022, and medium-term to 2040.