The National Energy Policy (2017) aims to improve national energy security by decreasing the share of imports in the primary energy supply. India has significant reserves of oil, gas and coal, this objective stresses the need to further exploit these.

Draft National Energy Policy - Niti Aayog, Government of India

The IEA defines energy security as “the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price”. Energy security has many dimensions: long-term energy security mainly deals with timely investments to supply energy in line with economic developments and sustainable environmental needs. Short-term energy security focuses on the ability of the energy system to react promptly to sudden changes within the supply-demand balance.