The Women's Indian Association (WIA) was founded in 1917, which sought votes for women and the right to hold legislative office on the same basis as men.

Women's Struggle for the Vote: 1917-1937 - Aparna Basu, 2008

The Women's Indian Association (WIA) was founded at Adayar, Madras, by Annie Besant, Margret Cousins, Jeena Raja Dasa, and others to liberate women from the deplorable condition women suffered in socio-economic and political matters during the 19th and the early 20th century. The Association later developed into a potent force to fight against illiteracy, child marriage, the Devadasi system and other, social ills.