The State of Uttar Pradesh v. Raj Narain was a 1975 case heard by the Allahabad High Court that found the Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi, guilty of electoral malpractices. This was the catalyst for events that led to declaration of Emergency rule.

Indira Nehru Gandhi Vs. Raj Narain – Case Summary

Raj Narain had contested the 1971 General Election against Indira Gandhi, who represented the constituency of Rae Bareilly in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. Gandhi was represented by Nanabhoy Palkhivala, Raj Narayan by Shanti Bhushan. After she imposed a state of emergency on 26 June-1975, Palkhiwala resigned as her lawyer to protest against the decision.